In addition, the agreement provides for expedited customs procedures for express shipments and prohibits the application of tariffs on electronic shipments. In addition, it requires additional data protection, security and consumer protection measures for online transactions and encourages the publication of customs forms online. These provisions should be particularly useful for small businesses.  The TPP agreement provides for an Investor-State Dispute Settlement Mechanism (ISDR)  that gives investors the right to sue foreign governments for infringement. For example, if an investor invests in country „A,“ a member of a trade agreement, and in country A to violate that contract, the investor can sue country government A for infringement.  ISDS aims to protect foreign investors from the actions of foreign authorities such as „freedom of discrimination,“ „protection from uncompensated expropriation of property,“ „protection from denial of justice“ and „right to transfer capital“:  According to the U.S. Trade Representative`s Office, the TPP imposes „binding and fully enforceable obligations“ on signatories to „form the freedom to form trade unions and bargain collectively“ and „protect labour“ forced labour against employment,“ discrimination.  The obligations include „acceptable working conditions laws for minimum wage, hours of work and safety and health in the workplace.“  The USTR insists that countries such as Malaysia and Vietnam, if they do not impose provisions on forced labour, human trafficking and collective bargaining, will no longer enjoy the economic benefits of the TPP agreement.  The TPP is the largest free trade agreement ever concluded in New Zealand. This means that New Zealand will now have free trade agreements with our five major trading partners, China, Australia, the United States, Japan and Korea. Robert Z. Lawrence, a Harvard economist, argues that the model used by Tufts researchers „is simply not able to credibly predict the effects of the TPP“ and argues that the model used by Petri and Plummer is superior.
 Lawrence argues that the model used by Tufts researchers „does not have the granularity that allows it to assess variables such as exports, imports, foreign direct investment and changes in the industrial structure.