Phase I: Starting later in 2020 – Open Access at no cost to authors According to the agreement, the publication of up to 4,162 articles6 was covered by the Swedish corresponding authors of the participating institutions. The cost was based on a price of €2,200 per item (the current list price of Springer Open Choice magazines), in addition to a lower reading fee than previous subscription fees. In order to be published under the agreement, the corresponding author of an article had to be attached to one of the participating institutions. The reduction in subscription fees should be considered a condition for Bibsam to accept the APC list price of €2,200 for items. This is where the Swedish offset is located. See Table 1 for a comparison of royalties for 2015 and for an average year of the Springer Compact agreement. The agreement with Springer Nature was negotiated by a delegation from swissuniversities in collaboration with the Consortium of Swiss Science Libraries. These Read&Publish contracts guarantee access to magazines licensed by a publishing house. In addition, they cover the costs of open access publication at no additional cost to researchers at participating universities. The agreement with Springer Nature continues the series of read-publish agreements with Elsevier, Karger and the Royal Society of Chemistry and is an important contribution to the implementation of the national open access strategy. A future problem is the growth rate of the world of scientific publishing.
Over time, the subscription model has seen cost increases of 3%, adding more and more content to already important agreements. With researchers around the world under pressure to publish to improve their careers, the current system may never be satisfied. There is also a whole new trend to publish everything peer-reviewed in so-called mega-journals, unlike previous selective processes, where new or central ideas were selected, resulting in high rejection rates. Publications covered by the Springer Compact agreement are published under the Creative Commons CC-BY (Creative Commons) designation license. The survey questioned whether or not respondents were familiar with the CC-BY license. Up to 81% of respondents responded that this was not the case. On such a brief question, it was unclear whether they knew the license by another name or how they interpreted „familiar.“ Regardless of the fact that a number of initiatives, including Science Europe cOAlition S (2018) and Swedish „Proposal for national guidelines for open access to scientific information“ (Swedish Research Council, 2015), expect publications to have some form of Creative Commons license, the small number of respondents who claimed to be familiar with the license is worrying. .