Integrating the industry`s latest standards that set minimum requirements for the design, manufacture, repair and maintenance of blowout preventers – requires more controls when maintaining and repairing BOPs. Require the use of BOPs with double scissors, which is now a basic standard for the industrial standard. Require stricter certification of the shearing capacity of BOPs by third parties. Require real-time monitoring for deep water drilling and high temperature/high pressure drilling. The civil damage agreement approved this week was proposed in October last year. The United States and the five Gulf countries announced the proposed regulations, which would end the civil rights of governments under the Clean Water Act and natural resource claims under the Oil Pollution Act, as well as the implementation of a related regime of economic harm to Gulf states and local governments. The transaction ended all civil and criminal penalties against the owners and operators of the facility – BP, Anadarko, TransOcean and Halliburton – under the Clean Water Act and the Oil Pollution Act. It also included claims for economic damages filed by the five Gulf states and their local governments. $8.1 billion in damage to natural resources, including $1 billion, that BP has already committed for early recovery, for federal and regional administrators to share in the recovery of damaged resources. BP will also pay up to an additional $700 million, some of which will be used in accrued interest, including to meet the natural resource conditions discovered later, which were unknown at the time of the agreement, and to assist in adaptive management. Funds for natural resource damage will fund Gulf restoration projects selected by federal and regional administrators to achieve five different restoration objectives and 13 categories of restoration projects. These include restoration, which focuses on helping habitats such as coastal wetlands, but also includes specific resource types such as marine mammals, fish and invertebrates, sturgeon, submerged aquatic vegetation, oysters, sea turtles, birds and lost recreation.
„For the United States, and in particular for the Gulf, this agreement will provide for many years an important source of revenue for natural resource replenishment and spill losses. On February 14, 2013, Transocean Deepwater Inc., owner and operator of Deepwater Horizon, pleaded guilty to violating the Clean Water Act and was fined $400 million and fined for his conduct in connection with the disaster. A separate civil transaction fined Transocean a record $1 billion, forcing the company to take significant steps to improve its performance and prevent this behavior from re-emerging. Following the spill, public and federal authorities undertook an in-depth scientific study of the effects of the spill. They used this evaluation to develop a scientifically comprehensive recovery plan for the Gulf of Mexico, funded by an agreement with BP for up to $8.8 billion. First, on February 17, 2012, MOEX Offshore 2007 LLC, which had a 10 percent interest in the well, agreed to pay its liability for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in a comparison with the United States worth $90 million.